Smartest Animals In The World: 15 Most Intelligent Ranked✔️ (2023)

It’s almost impossible to come up with a definitive, ranked list of the smartest animals in the world, not least because scientists don’t agree on a single, specific definition of intelligence, or how to measure it.

All animals – including humans – have evolved their cognitive abilities to succeed in their natural habitat. For human beings, we use many indicators of intelligence – self-awareness, creativity, abstract thinking, cooperation, altruism, problem-solving, maths skills, social learning, language and communication skills, and many more.

When measuring animal intelligence scientists tend to look at similar indicators, which possibly underestimates animal intelligence by relying too much on human-centric testing. It’s easy to recognize the traditional human signs of intelligence in great apes with their tool use and communication skills, but a wide range of non-primate species have also been observed to display traits of intelligence.

Measuring animal intelligence can be problematic, and comparing intelligence across the animal kingdom is a tricky task, as tests are usually created for one specific species and hard to reuse reliably across species.

Bearing all of this context in mind we’ve pulled together this list of 15 of the smartest animals (excluding humans) rankedby their relative intelligence in reverse order:


Smartest Animals In The World: 15 Most Intelligent Ranked✔️ (1)

Racoon says hi

Often overlooked when thinking about the smartest animals, raccoons are renowned for their lock picking skills, and are able to remember the solutions to problems for years.

Researchers at the University of Wyoming performed a test, giving raccoons some pebbles and a jug of water containing marshmallows. Half of the raccoons figured out that they could add the pebbles to the jug to raise the water level and get the marshmallows. That’s some pretty sophisticated problem solving that would stretch a young human.

Grey parrot

Smartest Animals In The World: 15 Most Intelligent Ranked✔️ (2)

The smart African grey parrot

Parrots are well known for puzzle-solving and reproducing human words, but tests have shown that in some cases parrots actually understand the meaning of the words they speak.

An African grey parrot named Alex was trained by a Harvard psychologist to recognize colours, shapes, and more than 100 English words. The video below shows that Alex the African parrot has a true understanding of these concepts, rather than simply memorizing objects:

Domestic cat

Smartest Animals In The World: 15 Most Intelligent Ranked✔️ (3)

The wise domesticated cat

Much like domesticated dogs, some cats have been trained to follow instructions and sit, roll, or perform other tricks on demand. Along with being trickier to train, cats are harder to study, as their famed indifference to things means they’re less likely to participate in experiments.

It’s this disinterest that may actually be a sign of their smarts. Some sociologists believe that the cats’ combination of curiosity and cautious behaviour, along with their complete independence are evidence of high intelligence.

(Video) Top 10 Most Intelligent Animals


Smartest Animals In The World: 15 Most Intelligent Ranked✔️ (4)

The wild pigeon is an intelligent bird

Numerous in most major cities around the world, these birds considered by many as pests are actually pretty smart. Their ubiquity has led to them being involved in plenty of intelligence tests over the years, in which they perform surprisingly well.

Pigeons have been shown to recognize the correspondence between objects and pictures, recognize individual human faces, and identify themselves in a mirror. It may be that the pigeon is a super-intelligent bird, or simply one of average intelligence that has been over-studied. Either way, they clearly demonstrate many abilities that we would class as intelligence in any other species.


Smartest Animals In The World: 15 Most Intelligent Ranked✔️ (5)

Squirrel on a tree stump

The squirrels’ persistence, memory, and cunning have made it the arch-enemy of gardeners worldwide. Essentially woodland animals, they have adapted to live alongside humans, and use an array of strategies to feed from bird-feeders and any food they can figure out how to access.

Some squirrels in California have been observed covering their fur in rattlesnake scent to mask their own scent from predators. And when storing their food for the winter months squirrels sometimes make an elaborate pretense of hiding food to confuse would-be thieves, another sign of advanced intellect.


Smartest Animals In The World: 15 Most Intelligent Ranked✔️ (6)

Rats are great at solving mazes

The much-maligned rat is widely used in research labs, and has been the subject of countless intelligence tests. These highly intelligent rodents are natural students who excel at learning and understanding concepts. Although considerably smaller than dogs, they seem to be at least as capable of solving problems.

Even though rats have poor eyesight, they excel at solving mazes, and once they learn a navigation route they never forget it. And as with many other intelligent animals, rats are highly empathetic. One study showed that the vast majority of rats tested chose to help another rat which was being forced to tread water, even when offered the opportunity of a treat instead.


Smartest Animals In The World: 15 Most Intelligent Ranked✔️ (7)

Smartest invertebrate – the octopus

All the other species on this smartest animals list are vertebrates (i.e. have backbones), but there are some extremely clever invertebrates. Not only does the octopus have the largest brain of any invertebrate and share complex human brain features such as folded lobes, but 60% of their neurons are actually in their arms!

Octopi are known to use tools, such as one kept in an aquarium that threw rocks and sprays water at the overhead lights to break them, and another filmed scooping up halved coconut shells to use as protection. Other signs of intelligence include the smarts to screw the lid off a jar, and quickly navigate their way through mazes.

Domestic dog

Smartest Animals In The World: 15 Most Intelligent Ranked✔️ (8)

Possibly the smartest dog – a border collie

Domesticated dogs use their intelligence to relate to humans. They are able to understand emotions and symbolic language, and show empathy.

In some ways, dogs have more human-like behaviour that primates, and are able to follow and respond to human gestures, like pointing and eye movements without training.

The average dog understands around 165 human words, but are able to learn many more. One border collie named Chaser was able to recall over 1,000 object names and had the ability to understand basic elements of English grammar in the form of short sentences (e.g. “to ball take frisbee”).

(Video) 15 Most Fearless Dog Breeds in the World


Smartest Animals In The World: 15 Most Intelligent Ranked✔️ (9)

The high IQ pig

Probably the smartest domesticated animals in the animal kingdom, pigs display a large number of intelligence traits. They are able to solve mazes, display and understand emotions, and grasp the concept of reflection at a younger age than humans.

Pigs can also understand abstract representations, and apply this skill to such tasks as playing computer games. In fact, in some tests using video screens pigs performed as quickly as chimpanzees. One other pointer to their intelligence is the pigs’ ability to out-compete native species wherever they have been taken.


Smartest Animals In The World: 15 Most Intelligent Ranked✔️ (10)

The New Caledonian crow is the most intelligent bird

The crow is part of the super-intelligent Corvid bird family, which includes magpies, ravens, jays, and crows. Crows are the only birds (or indeed, non-primate vertebrates) known to invent tools – forming probes and hooks from sticks and leaf stems to poke into the crowns of the palm trees. Young birds are able to make tools, but improve their skills by watching and imitating their elders, a sure sign of a high animal IQ. Scientists believe that New Caledonian crows specifically are the smartest birds, in part because they stay in the nest as fledglings – rather than heading off on their own – giving them more time to develop their cognitive abilities.

Understanding cause and effect – some say to the ability of a 5 to 7 year old human – leads them to master their environment, for example by dropping nuts on to roads to allow cars to crack the nutshells for them to eat the nuts. Combine this with the ability to recognize human faces and communicate complex concepts, and it’s easy to see why crows are considered the most intelligent birds.


Smartest Animals In The World: 15 Most Intelligent Ranked✔️ (11)

One of the smartest animals – the elephant

One way to measure intelligence is by comparing the brain to body size, and the elephant has the largest brain of any land animal, with as many neurons as a human brain.

Elephants are known to have excellent memories, seem to be capable of extreme empathy, and are self-aware, recognizing themselves in a mirror. They’re also capable of working cooperatively to solve puzzles, with one experiment set up requiring two elephants to drag different ropes in unison to access two food bowls.


Smartest Animals In The World: 15 Most Intelligent Ranked✔️ (12)

Dolphins (and whales) are at least as smart as birds and primates, with large brains relative to their bodies. Not only that, but the dolphin brain has more folds than a human brain, suggesting potentially higher intelligence.

Dolphins and whales are the only marine animals that pass the mirror test of self-awareness, and are extremely sociable animals with a clear sense of social identity. And as with other highly intelligent species they use tools – for example using sponges to protect their snouts when foraging on the seafloor.

Many scientists believe that dolphins clicks and whistles may actually be a sophisticated language, with some sounds serving as dolphin names. Like many of the most intelligent animals on earth, young dolphins stay close to their mothers for several years to gain schooling in many life lessons.


Smartest Animals In The World: 15 Most Intelligent Ranked✔️ (13)

Orangutan deep in thought

One of the smartest animals after humans, orangutans are especially gifted in terms of intellect. Like chimpanzees, they have their own cultures, and have been observed using a variety of sophisticated tools in the wild. Like gorillas, each night they construct elaborate sleeping nests from branches and foliage.

Orangutans live primarily solitary lives in widely scattered communities and form strong but distant social bonds. One study showed that they use ‘calculated reciprocity’ to weigh the costs and benefits of gift exchanges and keep track of these over time – the first nonhuman species seen exhibiting this behaviour.



Smartest Animals In The World: 15 Most Intelligent Ranked✔️ (14)

Bonobo with a tool – the smartest animals in the world?

Our closest living relatives with a 99% gene overlap with humans, it’s hardly surprising that top of this list of smartest animals is the chimpanzee. Their intelligence is displayed in so many ways that overlap with human abilities – they can make and use tools, hunt as a group, use sign language, exhibit altruism, empathy, and self-awareness.

Groups of chimpanzees develop their own cultures – unique tendencies and behaviours that are learned or imitated in contrast to other groups, and are capable of sophisticated communication. They use over 60 distinct gestures to communicate with each other in the wild, and can learn human sign language when in captivity.

And if that weren’t enough, there have been some memory tests where chimps actually outperformed humans… so what is the smartest animal in the world – a human or a chimpanzee?

And that’s your lot for our pick of the world’s smartest animals. What do you think – did any of the smartest animals on the list surprise you? Or perhaps we’ve left out an obvious pick to add to the intelligent animals list. Let us know your thoughts in the comments section below!

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  • Smartest Animals In The World: 15 Most Intelligent Ranked✔️ (15)arman says:


    you forgot humans


    • Smartest Animals In The World: 15 Most Intelligent Ranked✔️ (16)Ed says:

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      Thanks for reading Arman… we’ve made the (perhaps arrogant) assumption that humans are the most intelligent animal, and purposely excluded them from this list.


    • Smartest Animals In The World: 15 Most Intelligent Ranked✔️ (17)Anna says:


      Not all humans


  • Smartest Animals In The World: 15 Most Intelligent Ranked✔️ (18)Bruce says:


    We should be much kinder to pigs. We could be kinder in general, but pigs are really treated badly in the US agriculture system.


  • Smartest Animals In The World: 15 Most Intelligent Ranked✔️ (19)Mila says:


    Many people will say that they forgot humans, they didn’t. Humans were explained to be the smartest at the beginning (but they didn’t give the whole explanation, doesn’t matter though)


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  • FAQs

    What is the #1 smartest animal? ›

    1: Chimpanzee

    Topping our list of smartest animals is another great ape, the chimpanzee. The impressive intellectual abilities of this animal have long fascinated humans.

    What is the top 5 smartest animal? ›

    The top five smartest animals in the world
    • 5 - Crows. Getty Images. ...
    • 4 - Octopus. PA. ...
    • 3 - Orang-utans. Just because they choose to live in trees rather than houses, it doesn't mean they're stupid! ...
    • 2) Dolphins. Life can get a bit boring in the big open ocean. ...
    • 1) Chimpanzee. PA.
    Feb 7, 2012

    What is the 2nd smartest animal? ›

    Dolphins are often cited as the second smartest animals on Earth due to their relatively high brain-to-body size ratio, the capacity to show emotion, and impressive mimicry of the dumb apes who research them.

    What animal is smarter than a dog? ›

    Cats have a 200 times stronger memory than dogs and can recall the details of a day for up to 16 hours. Although dogs may be better at helping people, cats have much more sophisticated brains. Dogs only have 160 neurons in their brains compared to cats' 300 neurons, making them one of the smartest animals in the World.

    Are pigs smarter than dogs? ›

    Pigs are gentle creatures with surprising intelligence. Studies have found they're smarter than dogs and even 3-year-old children! In the wild, pigs form small groups that typically include a few sows and their piglets.

    Which animal has 11 brains? ›

    Silkworms have animal have 11 brains​.

    What is the 6 smartest animal? ›

    #6: Octopus

    The very smart octopus can navigate their way through mazes and solve problems quickly. The octopus is the only invertebrate animal to make our list of the world's most intelligent animals.

    Are cows smarter than dogs? ›

    Dogs score higher in perceived intelligence ratings than cows, for example, yet a study in the 1970s demonstrated that in a test cows could navigate a maze as well as dogs, and only slightly less well than children. The point was made that our perception of an animal's ability is influenced by how we test them.

    Which animal is powerful smart? ›

    First up, unsurprisingly, is cetaceans - or for the purpose of this article, dolphins and whales. These creatures are supremely intelligent, with some scientists arguing that they are the most intelligent creatures on our planet.

    Are horses smarter than dogs? ›

    Horses and Dogs are both intelligent animals, but they have different cognitive strengths. Horses excel in areas like navigational intelligence while dogs do better with social intelligence. Neither animal is smarter than the other, that's just what makes them unique!

    What animal is smarter than humans? ›

    Chimpanzees have outsmarted humans at memory tasks and goats have impeccable long-term memory. While we know parrots can mimic human language, studies show they actually have an understanding of that language.

    What is the smartest dog? ›

    • Border collie. According to The Intelligence of Dogs, which ranks 131 dog breeds in terms of their relative intelligence, the border collie is the smartest dog breed known to man. ...
    • Poodle. ...
    • German shepherd. ...
    • Golden retriever. ...
    • Doberman pinscher. ...
    • Shetland sheepdog. ...
    • Labrador retriever. ...
    • Papillon.
    Feb 23, 2023

    How smart is a cow? ›

    According to research, cows are generally quite intelligent animals who can remember things for a long time. Animal behaviorists have found that they interact in socially complex ways, developing friendships over time and sometimes holding grudges against other cows who treat them badly.

    Are chickens smarter than dogs? ›

    Although chickens have a reputation of not being the smartest birds in the nest, the studies indicate that they are on par with other highly intelligent species such as dogs, chimpanzees, elephants, dolphins and even humans, Marino said.

    What animal is smarter than a child? ›

    Some researchers say pigs are even smarter than 3-year-old human children! Pet pigs can learn lots of circus tricks. They can learn how to find food using a mirror and even how to play video games using a joystick! Check out this video of a pet pig performing tricks!

    What animal is smarter than a cat? ›

    Dogs, it turns out, have about twice the number of neurons in their cerebral cortexes than what cats have, which suggests they could be about twice as intelligent.

    Are dogs smarter than humans !? ›

    According to several behavioral measures, Coren says dogs' mental abilities are close to a human child age 2 to 2.5 years.

    Who is the cleanest animal in the world? ›

    In fact, pigs are some of the cleanest animals around, refusing to excrete anywhere near their living or eating areas when given a choice.

    What is the most intelligent thing on earth? ›

    CHIMPANZEES. RECKONED to be the most-intelligent animals on the planet, chimps can manipulate the environment and their surroundings to help themselves and their community. They can work out how to use things as tools to get things done faster, and they have outsmarted people many a time.

    How intelligent is octopus? ›

    Yet octopuses are extremely intelligent, with a larger brain for their body size than all animals except birds and mammals. They are capable of high-order cognitive behaviors, including tool use and problem-solving, even figuring out how to unscrew jar lids to access food.

    Which animal has 32 minds? ›

    Leech: The interior structure of a leech is divided into 32 different segments, each of which has its own brain.

    What animals have more than 1 heart? ›

    Octopuses and squids (animals called cephalopods) have three hearts. Two hearts pump blood to the gills to take up oxygen, and the other pumps blood around the body (Figure 1). Worms are also unusual, with five structures called aortic arches acting as basic hearts.

    Which animal has hardest brain? ›

    The sperm whale has the biggest brain of any animal species, weighing up to 20 pounds (7 to 9 kilograms). Larger brains don't necessarily make a smarter mammal. But as mammals evolved, many groups, from Primates to Carnivora, have shown independent increases in brain size.

    What animal has the lowest IQ? ›

    There are several possible answers to this question as different animals display varying levels of intelligence. However, some experts suggest that the animal with the lowest IQ is the sloth.

    Why are humans so smart? ›

    They found that different brain regions use different strategies to interact with each other. This combination of complementary information between different sources is known as 'synergy' and may explain why the human brain is smarter than our primate ancestors.

    Are rats smarter than dogs? ›

    Rats are as smart as dogs

    According to PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals), rats are: “Natural students who excel at learning and understanding concepts. Rats are considerably smaller than dogs, but they are at least as capable of thinking about things and figuring them out as dogs are.

    Why do cows stare at you? ›

    Why do cows stare at you? Even though cows experience similar emotions to humans, they don't exactly have the same manners. You might catch a cow staring at you for a long period of time, but it's nothing to be worried about! Cows are naturally inquisitive creatures, and they look at you mostly out of pure curiosity.

    Is a dog smarter than a monkey? ›

    Through his systematic analysis, Coren found that dogs have specific types of intelligence seen in no other animals except humans. In meaningful ways, dogs are smarter than our closest primate cousins: the bonobos, orangutans, and chimpanzees.

    How smart are cats? ›

    Based on several studies, behaviorists believe an adult cat's intelligence is comparable to that of a 2-year-old human toddler. Studies have shown cats have object permanence recognition, an awareness of objects that aren't directly visible. That is, out of sight doesn't mean vanished forever.

    Which animal uses most of its brain? ›

    Elephants have the largest brains of any land animal. The cortex of an elephant's brain has as many neurons as a human brain. Elephants have exceptional memories, cooperate with each other, and demonstrate self-awareness.

    Which animal is brave? ›

    According to the Independent, honey badgers have been described in the Guinness Book of Records as the "most fearless animal in the world" and can even fight off much larger predators like lions and hyenas.

    What animal brain is closest to humans? ›

    eLife digest

    The human brain is about three times as big as the brain of our closest living relative, the chimpanzee.

    What is smarter a goat or a dog? ›

    Goats might not seem like the most cuddly animals, but researchers have found evidence that goats are as clever as dogs, and just as capable of building emotional relationships with humans as all the other domesticated animals we've let into our hearts and homes.

    Why do horses stand on 3 legs? ›

    In horses there is a special arrangement of muscles and the parts that connect muscles and bones together (ligaments and tendons). This is called the stay apparatus . The stay apparatus means that horses can stand on three legs and rest the other leg.

    Is a dog smarter than a wolf? ›

    In fact, on some tests of logic, wolves come out on top. In some experiments conducted in 2009, dogs followed human cues to perform certain tasks—despite evidence that they could see that suggested a different strategy would be smarter. In contrast, wolves made the more logical choice based on their observations.

    Are there any immortal animals? ›

    To date, there's only one species that has been called 'biologically immortal': the jellyfish Turritopsis dohrnii. These small, transparent animals hang out in oceans around the world and can turn back time by reverting to an earlier stage of their life cycle.

    Are humans the smartest animal ever? ›

    Strictly speaking, humans are the smartest animals on Earth—at least according to human standards.

    Do animals think like humans? ›

    Most scientists agree that animals have complex mental capacities in which a few species have attributes once thought to be unique to people, such as the ability to give objects names and use the tool. However, it's different from what we humans do.

    What's the most expensive dog? ›

    1. Samoyed – $14,000. Coming in at the #1 overall spot for the most expensive dog in the world is the Samoyed originating from Siberia. The rare breed is known for its kind, loving, and eager to please attitude along with their smiling faces.

    How do dogs see humans? ›

    They can recognize and remember individual humans. They understand to a significant degree what these humans attend to, what they are interested in, and what they intend to do next.

    Are ants intelligent? ›

    Individual ants have tiny brains but together the many ants of a colony can exhibit remarkable 'intelligence'. Ants exhibit complex and apparently intelligent behaviour; they can navigate over long distances, find food and communicate, avoid predators, care for their young, etc.

    Are fish intelligent? ›

    Hundreds of scientific papers about fish intelligence show that these animals are smart, that they can use tools, and that they have impressive long-term memories and sophisticated social structures. A paper published in the journal Fish and Fisheries said that they're “steeped in social intelligence …

    Are dogs smarter than bears? ›

    Zookeepers and animal trainers consider bears to be smarter than dogs. The bear's cunning is legendary when it comes to guarding itself against danger from hunters and poachers. The animal's uncanny ability to evade human predators during hunting season could almost be considered forethought.

    What IQ have dogs? ›

    Researchers have found that the average IQ of dogs is about 100. When compared to humans, this IQ is similar to the intelligence of two-year-old human toddlers. In general, studies have shown that canines have the smarts of children anywhere from 2 to 2.5 years of age.

    Can a chicken recognize you? ›

    Chickens can recognize up to 100 faces

    Chickens don't just recognize other chickens, either. These faces include those of humans! Chickens even remember positive or negative experiences with the faces they recognize and pass that information on to members of their flocks.

    What is the 3 smartest animal in the world? ›

    #3: Chimpanzees

    Chimpanzees are very smart animals and are able to solve many different problems posed to them by human trainers and experimenters. Our closest genetic relative comes in third place on this list of the most intelligent animals.

    Are octopus smarter than humans? ›

    Except they do…a lot. While humans have about 60 protocadherins, the octopus genome was found to have 168, nearly three times the neural wiring capacity than humans (who tend to be several times larger than octopi, except in our nightmares).

    What is octopus IQ? ›

    The average octopus would have an IQ of 100. That's how IQ scales work. 100 is the mean of the population and higher or lower numbers indicate your relative position to the average. The scores are not absolute and really have no objective meaning.

    What's the smartest dog? ›

    • Border collie. According to The Intelligence of Dogs, which ranks 131 dog breeds in terms of their relative intelligence, the border collie is the smartest dog breed known to man. ...
    • Poodle. ...
    • German shepherd. ...
    • Golden retriever. ...
    • Doberman pinscher. ...
    • Shetland sheepdog. ...
    • Labrador retriever. ...
    • Papillon.
    Feb 23, 2023

    What is the IQ of a jellyfish? ›

    Jellyfish have no brains at all, so they do not even have an IQ.

    What animal is the most forgetful? ›

    According to National Geographic, chimpanzees have been shown to forget an experience within 20 seconds. Since they are our closest ancestors, their findings surprised biologists.

    What IQ has a dog? ›

    Researchers have found that the average IQ of dogs is about 100. When compared to humans, this IQ is similar to the intelligence of two-year-old human toddlers. In general, studies have shown that canines have the smarts of children anywhere from 2 to 2.5 years of age.

    How smart is a squid? ›

    It is believed that squids are slightly less intelligent than octopuses and cuttlefish; however, various species of squid are much more social and display greater social communications, etc., leading to some researchers concluding that squids are on par with dogs in terms of intelligence.

    What is normal human IQ? ›

    IQ tests are made to have an average score of 100. Psychologists revise the test every few years in order to maintain 100 as the average. Most people (about 68 percent) have an IQ between 85 and 115. Only a small fraction of people have a very low IQ (below 70) or a very high IQ (above 130).

    Can squid feel pain? ›

    We demonstrate that squid possess nociceptors that selectively encode noxious mechanical but not heat stimuli, and that show long-lasting peripheral sensitization to mechanical stimuli after minor injury to the body. As in mammals, injury in squid can cause persistent SA in peripheral afferents.

    What is a dolphins IQ? ›

    What animal has the highest IQ in the ocean? It's estimated that dolphins have an IQ of around 45, this makes them one of the smartest animals in the world, and probably the smartest animal in the ocean. It's estimated that the dolphin's brain size is almost five times bigger than is usual for a creature of their size.


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